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Historie

History

Situade a 14 km de Heliopolis junte a le Nilo, le romans estableced un fortaleza et le actuel citie  have un base de quatre musulman constructions sucesive:

• Al- Fustat also nomined Fustat et Misr a le- Fustat, send le nucleus originale et la premiere capital de le Egypt arabe. Send construid inter le romane fortaleza et le rivere por le general de Amr ibn a al- As inmediatamente post de le le arabe conquerie de Egypt en le ano 641. Ela et constructe en la mezquita de Amr, la premiere eriged en Egypt et en Afrique. El send le centre administrative de Egypt desde que se impose le use de le arabe como administrative lingua et especial impots a christians et judies, hasta que le citie send quemade por le Visir Shawar en 1168 por eviter que send de le cruzades invasors. Forme part de le nomined antik Al-Qahira .
 
• Suleiman, governor de Egypt por delegacion de le abasies, founde con Al- Fustat le citie de Al- Askar (Le Armie), como militar asentamiente. En este part de le citie se levanted le goverment palace.
 
• Ahmad ibn Tulun edified le fortaleza Al- Qatta 'i, con sue correspondant Palace et mezquita , en le actuel quart de Tulun. De este citie solament have arrived a nostre dies le mezquita que porte su nome.
 
• Al-Qahira, a Al- Qahira La Triunfante, send founde por le fatimi Yawhar al- Qaid, en 972, a le nord de le palaces et abarcande al-Askar et Al-Qatta 'i, onde have constructed le mezquita de a Al-Azhar, la premiere universitie de le historie. Este citie se converted en le centre urbanisacion, a le principie de le Califate Fatimi Al-Fustat continued siendo le capital. En 1176 Saladino (Salah al- Din) constructe Le Citadel para fortificar le citie, amplie et substituend le vechie murailles por otre de piedra. Le Citadel separe le citie vechie de le nove cread por Ismael Baja. Le citie cresced hacia le oest et le sud, con le Citadel como centre administrative. Le construction de palaces et mezquitas atracte a gran numero de artisans et comerciantes. Al-Qahira se converted en un prospere citie con centis de mezquitas, madrasas, publik baths et otre edificies, asi como gran numero de Sourcieres. En 1382 le emirate mameluke Djaharks El- Jalili constructe un Caravanserai que ported su nome et que se converted en un important economik focus.

 

The area around present-day Cairo, especially Memphis, had long been a focal point of Ancient Egypt due to its strategic location just upstream from the Nile Delta. However, the origins of the modern city are generally traced back to a series of settlements in the first millennium AD. Around the turn of the 4th century, as Memphis was continuing to decline in importance, the Romans established a fortress town along the east bank of the Nile. This fortress, known as Babylon, remains the oldest structure in the city. It is also situated at the nucleus of Egypt's Coptic Christian community, which separated from the Roman and Byzantine church in the late 4th century. Many of Cairo's oldest Coptic churches, including The Hanging Church, are located along the fortress walls in a section of the city known as Coptic Cairo. After the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 641, Rashidun commander 'Amr ibn al-'As established Fustat just north of Coptic Cairo and Babylon. At Caliph Umar's request, the Egyptian capital was moved from Alexandria to the new city. Fustat also became a regional center of Islam and home to the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As, the first mosque in Egypt. When the Abbasids usurped the Umayyads in 750, they moved the capital to al-Askar, which they had built just north of Fustat. In 868, under the Tulunids, Egypt's capital was moved further north to their own settlement, al-Qatta'i. However, neither al-Askar nor al-Qatta'i achieved the prominence of Fustat; al-Askar had become indistinguishable from Fustat by the end of the 9th century, and al-Qatta'i was destroyed by the Abbasids when they recaptured Egypt in 905. With the Abbasids' second conquest, Fustat once again became the capital of Egypt. In 969, led by General Gawhar al-Siqilli, the Fatimid Caliphate conquered Egypt and established a new fortified city northeast of Fustat. It took four years for Gawhar to build the city, initially known as al-Man?uriyyah which later took its Modern name, Al-Qahira (Cairo) which was to serve as the new capital of the caliphate. During that time, Gawhar also commissioned the construction of al-Azhar Mosque, which developed into the second-oldest university in the world. Cairo would eventually become a center of learning, with the library of Cairo containing hundreds of thousands of books. When Caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah finally arrived from the old Fatimid capital of Mahdia in 973, the city was given its present name, al-Qahira ("The Victorious"), in reference to the caliph.

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Al-Qahira/El Cairo  EGYPT


Al-Qahira es la capital de Egypt et de sue gobernacion (Muhafazah or provincie). Ele es le major citie de le arabe munde et de Africa et le egipcian la denomine a minute sencilamente con le nome de le pais (arabe culte Misr, arabe egipcian Masr). Continue 


Historie


Situade a 14 km de Heliopolis junte a le Nilo, le romans estableced un fortaleza et le citie actual have un base de quatre musulman constructions sucesive: Continue 

Geografie et climate


Al-Qahira es ubicad en le banks et isles de le rivere Nilo, a le sud de le Delta ( 30°3 '0"N 31°15 '40"E 30. 05, 31.26111 ). Hacia le sudoest se encontra le citie de Giza et la antic Menfis Necropolis, con le meseta de Giza et su monumental piramides, como le Gran Piramide. Continue 


Administrative divisions


Le citie tene estatuto de gobernacion, Muhafazah, con un governor a le front que es nombrade por le Egypcian Presidente. Al-Qahira es le politik, economik et cultural centre de Egypt et de Proxime Orient. Continue 

Culture et societie


Al-Qahira have much universities, theatres, monuments et musees: Le plus important es le Egipcian Musee, situad en le place Tahrir que have le mejor colection de objets de le Antik Egipt de le munde. Continue 

Turisme


Le citie de Al-Qahira recibid quasi dec-un millions de turistes en 2009. Le principal atractions de le citie es en le nomined historik centre, Patrimonie de le Humanitie de le Unesco. No obstant, have otre turistik punts de Al-Qahira que no es situed en su historik centre. Continue 

Trasnport


Al-Qahira es le centre neuralgik de le comunicacions en Egypt. Ele es la unike citie de Afrik que posede un sisteme de transport subterran metropolitan, le Metre de Al-Qahira. Le International Aeroport de Al-Qahira se encontra a le este de le citie, preste de Heliopolis.Continue 


Gastronomie


La gastronomie de Al-Qahira et le rest de Egypt es limited por le reduction de ingredients et recetes, le oferte es varied et internacional. Para much residentes le unike aliment es le Aish, que es le hogazas de pan adereced con carne, pescado or quelque verdure. Continue 



Contacto
  

 Al-Qahira/El Cairo.  EGYPT


Al-Qahira es la capital de Egypt et de sue gobernacion (Muhafazah or provincie). Ele es le major citie de le arabe munde et de Africa et le egipcian la denomine a minute sencilamente con le nome de le pais (arabe culte Misr, arabe egipcian Masr). Continue


Historie


Situade a 14 km de Heliopolis junte a le Nilo, le romans estableced un fortaleza et le citie actual have un base de quatre musulman constructions sucesive: Continue 

Geografie et climate


Al-Qahira es ubicad en le banks et isles de le rivere Nilo, a le sud de le Delta ( 30°3 '0"N 31°15 '40"E 30. 05, 31.26111 ). Hacia le sudoest se encontra le citie de Giza et la antic Menfis Necropolis, con le meseta de Giza et su monumental piramides, como le Gran Piramide. Continue 


Administrative divisions


Le citie tene estatuto de gobernacion, Muhafazah, con un governor a le front que es nombrade por le Egypcian Presidente. Al-Qahira es le politik, economik et cultural centre de Egypt et de Proxime Orient. Continue 

Culture et societie


Al-Qahira have much universities, theatres, monuments et musees: Le plus important es le Egipcian Musee, situad en le place Tahrir que have le mejor colection de objets de le Antik Egipt de le munde. Continue 

Turisme


Le citie de Al-Qahira recibid quasi dec-un millions de turistes en 2009. Le principal atractions de le citie es en le nomined historik centre, Patrimonie de le Humanitie de le Unesco. No obstant, have otre turistik punts de Al-Qahira que no es situed en su historik centre. Continue 

Trasnport


Al-Qahira es le centre neuralgik de le comunicacions en Egypt. Ele es la unike citie de Afrik que posede un sisteme de transport subterran metropolitan, le Metre de Al-Qahira. Le International Aeroport de Al-Qahira se encontra a le este de le citie, preste de Heliopolis.Continue 


Gastronomie


La gastronomie de Al-Qahira et le rest de Egypt es limited por le reduction de ingredients et recetes, le oferte es varied et internacional. Para much residentes le unike aliment es le Aish, que es le hogazas de pan adereced con carne, pescado or quelque verdure. Continue 



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